Acting is a skill. Like most skills it’s helped by natural talent, but that’s not enough. So how do you develop your acting skills and become the confident, captivating actor that you dream of? By the end of this article you’ll have some techniques under your belt to help enhance your acting skills, regardless of where you are at in your career. None of the work outlined in this article requires spending a great deal of money, but it does require dedicated and focused effort.
For those of you that think you can’t work on your acting everyday, this is how. I’m going to cover all the major areas of acting work including: voice, movement, knowledge, text work and acting.
Every element is important and helps you become a more engaging and versatile actor. Enjoy!
Your voice is one of the few tangible assets you have as an actor. It’s your resonance, breath support, articulation, and form of expression. Work on it like you would any instrument. Voice work is the most neglected by young actors.
#1 Why Voice is Important
You want your voice to be flexible enough to embody any character that’s thrown your way. Can you play a powerful high status character? Can you play someone with a strong accent? Can you play a character who speaks twice as fast as you? Voice is key to unlocking a world of characters and different ways of bringing them to life for an audience. Using your natural voice might work for a little while, but eventually, you’ll need to diversify your vocal talent in order to book more jobs, and more varying roles.
#2 Voice Warm Ups
Voice warm ups come in all shapes and sizes. The key is to find one that works for you. It’s always best to put together a warm up based on advice from a professional voice coach, or from a voice class you’ve taken. The key to voice warm ups is that consistency trumps effort. Doing 5-10 minutes a day is better than 1 hour long session each week.
Remember: doing something everyday is better than doing one big voice session once a week or once a month.
#3 Articulation Exercises
Articulation is one skill that is often neglected, and yet it is incredibly beneficial to work on daily. Add 5 minutes of articulation exercises into your vocal warm up every day. Take the time to work on particular sounds that you struggle with, and always work with a piece of text. Whether it be Shakespeare, Brecht or Kenneth Lonergan – choose something that inspires you.
For more on voice work.
Like with voice, you don’t want your own habits and tensions to inhibit you when it comes to developing unique and nuanced characters. If you can work from an aligned, grounded and relaxed starting point physically, you can explore the likes of Richard the Third as well as a laid back surfer from LA with ease.
#1 Why Movement is Important
Movement is one of the areas of acting you can work on daily and see a noticeable improvement very quickly. It’s the work that will allow you to be a more relaxed and expressive actor. I can’t stress how important movement work is for actors. Freeing the body, also frees the mind, and the less limitations you have physically, the more open you are to opportunities, ideas and direction.
#2 Movement Exercises
Physical exercise, doesn’t always mean a work out at the gym (although this is a really important part of an actor’s health and fitness). Your daily movement practice could come in the form of Yoga, Alexander, Feldenkrais or even Tai Chi. Like with voice work, a consistent 5-10 minutes a day is far more powerful than one hour a week. Again, working with a movement coach is a great idea to put you on the right path.
For more on improving movement.
There are many great actors who probably don’t read the StageMilk recommended 8 plays a week. But all great actors have a knowledge of the craft, and an undeniable eagerness to keep expanding that knowledge. They are aware of the industry and the stories they tell. My belief is the more you read, watch, and engage with the world of acting, the better you become. Expanding your mind and challenging yourself is vital.
#1 Read more plays
Reading plays is an invaluable habit. Yes it can often feel like a chore, but it’s one that will improve your acting skills. The more you read, the more you get to know different writers, characters, devices and become more well-versed in style, genre and language.
Read: 20 Must Read Plays
But all great actors have a knowledge of the craft, and an undeniable eagerness to keep expanding that knowledge.
#2 Watch more theatre, film and great TV
When did you last watch a play? I bet it was a while ago, or else your friend forced you to watch their latest one man show about moving to LA to be an actor… If you want to be an actor and you’re not watching great plays, film and TV then you need to begin (right away!) You can’t expect to be apart of an industry you’re not even engaging with. Push through and challenge yourself. Some of what you watch will be awful, but you will probably find you learn more from the bad stuff than the good stuff.
This is how you bring a text to life. It’s tied into your voice work, but also more specifically about your unique interpretation of text and ability to bring it to life. Finding range and detail with dialogue is an acting skill that can set you apart from all the other actors. This is especially important when working on Shakespeare and other great classics. How much dynamic and colour can you give a monologue or scene?
#1 Learn a Monologue
Actors often think they can’t work on their acting alone. Fact is, we can work on the individual skills of acting everyday, and we can do it solo if we have to. Want to get better at acting Chekhov? Learn and work on 2 Chekhov monologues this week. Learn them, do the prep and then get anyone you can find to watch your work. It’s tough to motivate yourself to do this kind of work, but stretching yourself will pay off.
#2 Read out loud
Hopefully you are going to start reading more after this article: plays, novels, short stories, poetry. Then next stage is to read out loud. If you can read out loud, on voice, you will get so much more confident with text. (And not to mention your cold reading audition skills will go through the roof).
Finally your acting. The most intangible of all the acting skills (supposedly). There’s no other way to refine your acting technique than by doing. Working scenes and monologues, doing Plays, Film and TV. However, there are some basics you can work on each week: connection, being present, storytelling and listening.
#1 How to become a better actor
Work. Working on your craft is how you get better. That could be in a class or on a production. The key is to always be learning. Aiming for perfection doesn’t work. You will never be complete! (Terrifying I know). Like any artistic pursuit becoming a better actor is about becoming more open, honest and vulnerable.
#2 How to Act (A Process)
Having a process is vital. Sometimes you will look at a script and it’s completely overwhelming. You have no clue where to begin, how to delve into the character and so you can’t make any progress. That’s where having your own process will help. This will be refined over the years, and you can keep updating it as you go. It might change and evolve on each production you work on, but it’s a structure and it’s a starting point you can keep coming back to. I’d recommend getting yourself a binder folder, and organising your notes from class, printed articles from StageMilk or other sites (which inevitably won’t be as good) – keep revisiting this folder, use it to develop your own process and structure for the next time you approach a new role.
Where to practice your acting skills
The above are some techniques for developing your acting skills in all major areas of the craft. But it’s important to get out into the world and put them into practice. So here are some tangible ways to develop your acting skills.
Taking yourself to class every week is about maintaining consistency, learning new things and give you a chance to clock up some hours of acting ‘practice’. (10,000 hours is the key to mastering anything, so you’d better get started!)
Learning on the Job
Every gig you get is a chance to work on your acting skills. It’s great to have a goal on every project you work on. For example: during this short film, I’m going to really focus on listening to my fellow actors. All great actors have said they often learn more on the job, than they did in Drama School. Real world experience is invaluable, and I wouldn’t pass it up.
Working with Friends
If classes are too expensive, and you haven’t got any work in the pipeline, get together with some friends and work on scripts. That might be film scripts, or theatre scripts. Encourage and be kind to each other, but also offer some critical feedback. Your friends know you best, and will actually have some wonderful insights to improve on your work. You will learn from watching your mates work too. Rally the troops, and have some fun.
Read: Work with friends
Acting skills can sometimes feel elusive and intangible, but they don’t have to be. Acting can be broken down into many parts, and worked on and refined. Like any skill it takes time and dedication, so make sure you are making time for your craft. The actors who get hired, are the ones who are constantly working on their skills. Their passion is contagious and they are in a constant state of play from all the learning!